A broad term describing the active collection, verification and use of information to address human rights problems. Human rights monitoring includes observing and gathering information about incidents and events (elections, trials, demonstrations, etc); it has a temporal quality as it generally takes place over an extended period of time. In the specific context of hate crime, the purpose of monitoring is to document violence motivated by hatred and to draw the attention of national authorities or international organisations to the violation of recognised human rights. Monitoring ultimately aims to collect sufficient evidence of hate crimes to convince authorities and the public that something has to be done to improve the situation.